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Burns Caused by Heat

A heat-induced burn (thermal burn) can occur when the skin comes in contact with any heat source. This might be from a cooking pan, an iron, a fire, a hot surface, or a hot, scalding liquid or gas.

Caring for a heat-induced burn

  • Remove the child from the heat source.

  • As quickly as you can, cool the affected area with cold water or cold compresses until pain is reduced or eased. Don't rub the burned area.

  • Don't use ice on a burn. It can cause more damage.

  • If a blister has formed, don't break it.

  • Protect the burn with a dry, sterile, gauze bandage or with a clean bed sheet or cloth. If the burn is oozing, cover it lightly with a sterile gauze or clean sheet or towel and get medical attention right away.

  • If your child's clothing is stuck to the burned area, don't try to remove it. Instead, cut around the clothing leaving the burn intact.

  • Don't apply any ointments, powders, oils, or sprays to the burned area unless prescribed by your doctor.

  • If your child has burns on the hand, foot, face, eyes, or groin, or burns that cover a large area, get medical attention right away or call 911 for emergency medical attention.

  • If your child has a small burn in an area not mentioned above, it's OK to give them some acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain if they have no conditions preventing them from taking these medicines.

Online Medical Reviewer: Eric Perez MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
Date Last Reviewed: 2/1/2019
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